Flue gas filtration of biomass boilers
Dedusting and filtration of flue gases from a coal or biomass boiler is a very important topic due to the increasingly stringent requirements for the discharge of solid pollutants into the air. Most of the operated biomass boilers, mostly of older production date, are equipped only with cyclone separators or multicyclones. These flue gas ash capture technologies do not achieve the required separation efficiency and the boilers thus exceed the permitted TZL emissions. Dust removal of flue gases from biomass boilers is specific to the large occurrence of non-burnt in the form of unburned particles of sawdust, bark, or wood chips.
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Ceramic filters for small biomass boilers
The G&G Ceramic JET-B flue gas filters are designed for dedusting flue gases generated by the combustion of solid fuels in combustion sources. Thanks to their construction, the filter units are used for dedusting biomass combustion boilers. The basic characteristic of filtration devices is the resistance to hot particles and residues of unburned fuel which occur in the flue gases during the combustion of biomass. The flue gases entering the filter unit are directed to the lower part of the filter device by means of an internal partition so that the housing of the filter unit is evenly heated. The flue gas passes through the filter medium upwards into the clean filter chamber and then through the outlet opening to the flue gas fan. Ash collection takes place in the standard design into integrated ash tanks which the boiler operator periodically empties. For boilers in continuous operation, the filter units are to be equipped with an automatic ash removal system. At lower installation heights the removal of dust is solved by means of a movable bottom of the filter and then by a screw conveyor to the dustbin. The filtration device is thermally insulated over the entire casing and is equipped with an electric heating cable for tempering the filter housing and preventing condensation of flue gases at the moment of starting or stopping the boiler at a low flue gas temperature. The filtration equipment does not have to be equipped with a pyramidal dust hopper due to the lower installation dimensions for the possibility of installation directly into the boiler room.
Electrostatic filters for suction of large sources
We use electrostatic separators to dedust large combustion sources. In the electrostatic separators, dust particles are separated due to the action of an electric field. Electrically neutral dust particles are charged by negative electrodes when they enter the filter. After charging, the dust particles of the flue gas are attracted to the positive electrodes to which these particles adhere. The tapping system of the plates then ensures that the dust sediments are tapped and fall into the filter hopper from where they are transported to the container by means of screw conveyors. Electrostatic precipitators have a small operating pressure drop, which does not fluctuate depending on the amount of dust separated. The source of high voltage, 70 kV, is the filter itselfs transformer.
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If you are planning to implement a flue gas dedusting system from a coal or biomass boiler, we offer you cooperation in the design, production, and implementation of the exhaust technology. We will be glad if you contact us.